The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje Vrijstaat; Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat;) was an independent Boer sovereign republic under British suzerainty in Southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which ceased to exist after it was defeated and surrendered to the British Empire at the end of the Second Boer War in 1902.

Read more in the app

The State of the Planet in 10 Numbers

Volcano Eruption Imminent: Iceland Declares State of Emergency

New Solid-State Electrolyte Designs Could Revolutionize the Battery Industry

Researchers develop solid-state thermal transistor for better heat management

2023 state of the climate report: Entering uncharted territory

FEMA Offers Every State $2 Million to Adopt Safer Building Codes

The State of Large Language Models

Engineers grow full wafers of high-performing 2D semiconductor that integrates with state-of-the-art chips

The Science Behind Apple’s ‘State Of Mind’ Feature, Explained By A Psychologist

Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments

Abortions Rose in the U.S. in 2023, Data Shows. See the Changes by State.

Igniting Performance: Small Tweak Doubles Charging Speeds in Solid-State Batteries

Quantum Breakthrough: The First Ever Realization of a Laughlin State

Neutrons look inside working solid-state battery to discover its key to success

Octopuses have a REM-like sleep state where they appear to dream

Is dark matter fuzzy? Ultracold state of matter sheds light on dark matter candidate

Exotic new state of matter discovered by squishing subatomic particles into an ultradense crystal

Physicists Discover a New State of Matter Hidden in The Quantum World

Giant Paint-Eating Snails Spotted in Florida, Putting State Agriculture at Risk

Physicists Create New Exotic State of Matter: Bosonic Correlated Insulator