Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator. It contains all or parts of five continents and four oceans, as well as New Zealand and most of the Pacific Islands in Oceania. Its surface is 80.9% water, compared with 60.7% water in the case of the Northern Hemisphere, and it contains 32.7% of Earth's land. Owing to the tilt of Earth's rotation relative to the Sun and the ecliptic plane, summer is from December to February and winter is from June to August. September 22 or 23 is the vernal equinox and March 20 or 21 is the autumnal equinox. The South Pole is in the center of the southern hemispherical region.

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Smoke from the Black Summer wildfires in Australia impacted the climate and high altitude winds of the southern hemisphere for more than a year and a half

Palms at the poles: Fossil plants reveal lush southern hemisphere forests in ancient hothouse climate

Updrafts crucial: Clouds in the southern hemisphere more precisely understood

Southern Hemisphere Scorchers: Summer Heatwaves South of the Equator

Arid meteor shower makes new appearance in southern hemisphere skies

New 'Arids' meteor shower spotted from the Southern Hemisphere

Ice core chemistry study expands insight into sea ice variability in Southern Hemisphere

Ice core chemistry study expands insight into sea ice variability in Southern Hemisphere

Australian wildfires drove record-breaking aerosol levels over Southern Hemisphere