The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is the first and one of only two operating heavy-ion colliders, and the only spin-polarized proton collider ever built. Located at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, and used by an international team of researchers, it is the only operating particle collider in the US. By using RHIC to collide ions traveling at relativistic speeds, physicists study the primordial form of matter that existed in the universe shortly after the Big Bang. By colliding spin-polarized protons, the spin structure of the proton is explored. RHIC is as of 2019 the second-highest-energy heavy-ion collider in the world. As of November 7, 2010, the Large Hadron Collider has collided heavy ions of lead at higher energies than RHIC. The LHC operating time for ions is limited to about one month per year.

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U.S. RHIC Atom Smasher Reveals a Surprising Preference in Particle Spin Alignment

Signs of saturation emerge from particle collisions at RHIC

Tantalizing signs of phase-change 'turbulence' in RHIC collisions

Tantalizing signs of phase-change 'turbulence' in RHIC collisions