Mining is the extraction of valuable geological materials from the Earth and other astronomical objects. Mining is required to obtain most materials that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation or restoration of the land after the mine is closed. Mining materials are often obtained from ore bodies, lodes, veins, seams, reefs, or placer deposits. The exploitation of these deposits for raw material is dependent on investment, labor, energy, refine and transportation cost.

Read more in the app

Biden Administration Bans Mining in Boundary Waters Wilderness

Asteroid-Mining Startup Plans First Private Mission to Deep Space

Commercial Asteroid Mining Now Has A 2023 Launch Date To Scout Its First Target

Asteroid mining startup AstroForge will test its metal refinery tech in space this year

Rare earth mining may be key to our renewable energy future. But at what cost?

Illegal mining has muddied tropical rivers worldwide

Space mining startups see a rich future on asteroids and the moon

Time is running out for countries to agree rules on deep-sea mining

Is mining in space socially acceptable?

Is Mining in Space Socially Acceptable?

Mapping the middle ground: Balancing mining activities with survival of Utah's rare plants

COP15: Rich countries announce alliance to make mineral mining green

Biden reveals the White House plan for living on the moon and mining its resources

What Would Asteroid Mining do to the World's Economy?

Crucial Congo rainforest faces growing threats from logging and mining

Drought, not lithium mining, is drying out Chile's largest salt flat

Golden river of toxic waste from South African mining disaster visible from space

It’s electric! Technique could clean up mining of valuable rare earth elements

South African Town Covered in Mining Waste After Dam Collapse

Researchers build understanding of the virus universe using metatranscriptome mining