Microbiota are the range of microorganisms that may be commensal, symbiotic, or pathogenic found in and on all multicellular organisms, including plants. Microbiota include bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi, and viruses, and have been found to be crucial for immunologic, hormonal, and metabolic homeostasis of their host. The term microbiome describes either the collective genomes of the microbes that reside in an ecological niche or within the microbes themselves. The microbiome and host emerged during evolution as a synergistic unit from epigenetics and genetic characteristics, sometimes collectively referred to as a holobiont. The presence of microbiota in human and other metazoan guts has been critical for understanding the co-evolution between metazoans and bacteria. Microbiota play key roles in the intestinal immune and metabolic responses via their fermentation product, acetate.

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Capsule delivery of fecal microbiota transplant has similar effectiveness to transplant by colonoscopy

Soil microbiota can boost the growth of invasive plant species and provide defense against herbivores

Understanding how microbiota thrive in their human hosts

New method for studying functionality of microbiota

Study finds fecal microbiota transplantation to be cost effective treatment for any recurrent Clostridiodes Difficile infection

Fecal microbiota transfer between young and aged mice reverses hallmarks of the aging gut, eye, and brain

A single course of antibiotics affects the gut microbiota of infants

Decoding a direct dialog between the gut microbiota and the brain

How the Chagas pathogen changes the intestinal microbiota of predatory bugs

Fecal Microbiota Signature Enables Stool Analysis for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

A type of virus present in the gut microbiota is associated with better cognitive ability in humans, mice and flies

Ubiquitous food additive alters human microbiota and intestinal environment

Gut microbiota differences seen in people with autism may be due to dietary preferences

Nasal microbiota holds clues to who will develop symptoms from novel coronavirus

Gut microbiota influences the ability to lose weight

A Diet Lacking in Tryptophan Alters Gut Microbiota, Increases Inflammation

Study reveals missing link between high-fat diet, microbiota and heart disease

Babies at risk for diabetes may have microbiota restored

Neonatal meningitis: the immaturity of microbiota and epithelial barriers implicated

Acidic pH enhances butyrate production from pectin by faecal microbiota