Mesopotamia is a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in the northern part of the Fertile Crescent. Today, Mesopotamia occupies modern Iraq. In the broader sense, the historical region included present-day Iraq and Kuwait and parts of present-day Iran, Syria and Turkey. The Sumerians and Akkadians originating from different areas in present-day Iraq, dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire. It fell to Alexander the Great in 332 BC, and after his death, it became part of the Greek Seleucid Empire. Later the Arameans dominated major parts of Mesopotamia.

Read more in the app

The Mesopotamian Marshes Are Disappearing, Again

Drone photos reveal an early Mesopotamian city made of marsh islands

Ancient Babylon, the iconic Mesopotamian city that survived for 2,000 years

Drought in Iraq Has Revealed an Ancient Mesopotamian City

Ancient Mesopotamian discovery transforms knowledge of early farming

Ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets could be decoded by an AI