Lipid

In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a macro biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents. Non-polar solvents are typically hydrocarbons used to dissolve other naturally occurring hydrocarbon lipid molecules that do not dissolve in water, including fatty acids, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, and phospholipids. The functions of lipids include storing energy, signaling, and acting as structural components of cell membranes. Lipids have applications in the cosmetic and food industries as well as in nanotechnology. Scientists sometimes define lipids as hydrophobic or amphiphilic small molecules; the amphiphilic nature of some lipids allows them to form structures such as vesicles, multilamellar/unilamellar liposomes, or membranes in an aqueous environment. Biological lipids originate entirely or in part from two distinct types of biochemical subunits or "building-blocks": ketoacyl and isoprene groups.

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Lipid nanoparticles carry gene-editing cancer drugs past tumor defenses

Gene discovery indicates motor neuron diseases caused by abnormal lipid processing in cells

Researchers identify pathway that regulates lipid synthesis and contributes to tumor survival

Biologists find new protective factor against excessive lipid accumulation in liver of obese mouse

Lipid and glucose levels at age 35 associated with Alzheimer's disease

Lipid and Glucose Levels at Age 35 Linked With Alzheimer’s Disease Later in Life

Lipid profiling can predict risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease decades before onset

Decades-old structural mystery surrounding the birth of energy-storing lipid droplets solved

High Lipid Levels in Early Pregnancy Linked With Congenital Heart Disease in Children

Genetic analysis technique finds missing link between thyroid function and lipid profile

Ion and lipid transporters specialize for their niche

Ion and lipid transporters specialize for their niche

Weight-loss treatment prevents accumulation of lipid linked to cardiac mortality

Lipid droplets help protect kidney cells from damage

Lipid droplets help protect kidney cells from damage

Omega-3 supplements help kids with high cholesterol improve lipid profile

Atomic-level insights gained for a key lipid-binding protein implicated in cancer

Lipid research may help solve COVID-19 vaccine challenges

Lipid research may help solve COVID-19 vaccine challenges

Scientists use lipid nanoparticles to precisely target gene editing to the liver