La Nina

La Niña is an oceanic and atmospheric phenomenon that is the colder counterpart of El Niño, as part of the broader El Niño–Southern Oscillation climate pattern. The name La Niña originates from Spanish for "the girl", by analogy to El Niño, meaning "the boy". In the past, it was also called an anti-El Niño and El Viejo, meaning "the old man." During a La Niña period, the sea surface temperature across the eastern equatorial part of the central Pacific Ocean will be lower than normal by 3–5 °C. An appearance of La Niña often persists for longer than five months. El Niño and La Niña can be indicators of weather changes across the globe. Atlantic and Pacific hurricanes can have different characteristics due to lower or higher wind shear and cooler or warmer sea surface temperatures.

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2022 was 5th-hottest year on record despite cooling La Nina conditions

Scientists Warn of a Rare Third-Year La Nina – Risk of Intense Cold Surges in Eurasia

New study ties solar variability to the onset of decadal La Nina events

New study ties solar variability to the onset of decadal La Nina events