Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.9 billion followers, or 24.9% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, as well as the teachings and normative examples of Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran, in Arabic, to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and the unrighteous punished in hell.

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Hoard of Islamic era gold and silver coins found behind Egyptian temple

Bioarchaeological evidence of very early Islamic burials in the Levant

Solar flare throws light on ancient trade between the Islamic Middle East and the Viking Age

Thousands of Ancient Islamic Tombs Found Mysteriously Arranged in 'Galactic' Patterns

Secret patterns found in arrangement of medieval Islamic tombs

Archaeologists Discover That Ancient Islamic Tombs Cluster Like Galaxies

Ancient Islamic tombs cluster like galaxies

Ceramics provide insights into medieval Islamic cuisine

Ceramics provide insights into medieval Islamic cuisine

Chemical Residues of Grapes in Medieval Containers Hint at Thriving Wine Trade in Islamic Sicily

Medieval containers hint at thriving wine trade in Islamic Sicily