Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Iraq and Turkey to the west, by Azerbaijan and Armenia to the northwest, by the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan to the north, by Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south. It covers an area of 1.64 million square kilometres, making it the 17th-largest country. Iran has a population of 86 million, making it the 17th-most populous country in the world, and the second-largest in the Middle East. Its largest cities, in descending order, are the capital Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Shiraz, and Tabriz.

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Iran launches 'bio-space capsule' protoype, aims to fly astronauts by 2030

Iran Says It Sent Capsule With Animals Into Orbit

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The Caspian Sea and the coast of northern Iran

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Iran's Revolutionary Guard launches successful rocket test: report

Iran's Revolutionary Guard launches successful rocket test: report

Iran successfully tests satellite launcher

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Russia and Iran expand space cooperation