Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean and the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is the only part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that rises above sea-level, and its central volcanic plateau is erupting almost constantly. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, and most of its islands have a polar climate. According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island.

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Why People In Iceland Are Safely Throwing Baby Puffins Off Cliffs

Mars rover and drone prototypes brave strong Iceland winds in analog test

See Iceland Aglow in Volcanic Eruptions

New, More Powerful Volcanic Eruption In Iceland Draws Risk-Taking Tourists

Iceland eruption may be the start of decades of volcanic activity - A second outburst of lava in under a year strongly suggests that the country’s Reykjanes Peninsula will become one of the most volcanically dynamic parts of the planet for several generations.

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Stunning aurora glow above Iceland after 'dead' sunspot erupts

Carbon removal project in Iceland suffers setback due to harsh winter

A ‘Blue Blob’ Is Slowing Glacier Melt In Iceland

Iceland targets herd immunity with controversial covid-19 strategy

Iceland Bets on Herd Immunity

“Blue Blob” Near Iceland Could Slow Glacial Melting Until 2050

A blue blob is saving Iceland’s glaciers (for now)

Unusually cold 'Blue Blob' is slowing the rapid melting of Iceland's glaciers, but not for long

'Blue Blob' near Iceland could slow glacial melting

Cold blob in Atlantic may be slowing ice loss from Iceland’s glaciers

Grazing With Iceland’s Reindeer – Herds of Wild Reindeer Prosper in East Iceland

Need to Test a Space Suit? Head to Iceland

Norse Settlement Changed Wildfire Patterns In Iceland