Human Spaceflight

Human spaceflight is spaceflight with a crew or passengers aboard a spacecraft, often with the spacecraft being operated directly by the onboard human crew. Spacecraft can also be remotely operated from ground stations on Earth, or autonomously, without any direct human involvement. People trained for spaceflight are called astronauts, cosmonauts, or taikonauts; and non-professionals are referred to as spaceflight participants or spacefarers. The first human in space was Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who launched on 12 April 1961 as part of the Soviet Union's Vostok program. This was towards the beginning of the Space Race. On 5 May 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space, as part of Project Mercury. Humans traveled to the Moon nine times between 1968 and 1972 as part of the United States' Apollo program, and have had a continuous presence in space for 21 years and 279 days on the International Space Station.

Read more in the app

This Week @NASA: Historic Event for Human Spaceflight, New Artemis I Launch Date

New Book Paints Bleak Picture Of NASA’s Human Spaceflight Program

Sierra Space to open world's first commercial human spaceflight center and astronaut training academy to train the future astronaut corps for the new commercial space economy, with company offices at Kennedy Space Center. Sierra Space aims to begin professional astronaut selection process in 2023

A conversation with planetary scientist about the Lunar program at NASA, and how collaboration between Science, Human Spaceflight and Industry can yield some incredible results (WeMartians Podcast)

61st anniversary of human spaceflight marred by Russian invasion of Ukraine

Starship lookalike among China’s new human spaceflight concepts

Polaris Program will Undertake a Series of Pioneering SpaceX Dragon Missions, Demonstrating New Technologies and Culminating in the First Human Spaceflight on Starship

ESA looks to space summit to endorse human spaceflight efforts

NASA safety panel recommends agency review how it manages human spaceflight programs

New head of Indian space agency's 'biggest challenge' will be human spaceflight

Celebrating the animal astronauts who paved the way for human spaceflight

NASA Seeks Next Flight Directors for Human Spaceflight Missions

NASA Seeks Next Flight Directors for Human Spaceflight Missions

NASA to Provide Coverage of Human Spaceflight Health Symposium

Moonshots, private space stations and more: NASA chief Bill Nelson on the future of human spaceflight

NASA splits human spaceflight directorate into two organizations

NASA splits human spaceflight directorate into two new branches

NASA to split leadership of its human spaceflight program

5 Hazards Astronauts Face in Human Spaceflight