Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist, militant, and nationalist organization. It has a social service wing, Dawah, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. It won the 2006 Palestinian legislative election and became the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip following the 2007 Battle of Gaza. It also holds a majority in the parliament of the Palestinian National Authority. Canada, the European Union, Israel, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States have designated Hamas as a terrorist organization. Australia, New Zealand and Paraguay have designated only its military wing as a terrorist organization. It is not considered a terrorist organization by Brazil, China, Egypt, Iran, Norway, Qatar, Russia, Syria and Turkey. In December 2018, the United Nations General Assembly rejected a U.S. resolution condemning Hamas as a terrorist organization. Hamas leaders Ismail Haniyeh and Khaled Mashaal are based in Qatar.

Read more in the app

Ailing Hamas Hostages Desperately Need Care, Doctors Say

Iron Dome’s Vulnerability: How Hamas Pierced Israel’s Prized Air Defense Shield

Hamas Swimmer Killed: The Uncomfortable Truth About Deadly Military Dolphins

Hamas Attacks Israel With Kamikaze Drones, Claims Hit On Chemical Plant