Fungal

A fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, separately from the other eukaryotic kingdoms, which by one traditional classification include Plantae, Animalia, Protozoa, and Chromista. A characteristic that places fungi in a different kingdom from plants, bacteria, and some protists is chitin in their cell walls. Fungi, like animals, are heterotrophs; they acquire their food by absorbing dissolved molecules, typically by secreting digestive enzymes into their environment. Fungi do not photosynthesize. Growth is their means of mobility, except for spores, which may travel through the air or water. Fungi are the principal decomposers in ecological systems.

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Meet the fungal friends and foes that surround us

As fungal infections grow resistant to medication, desperate patients try drug after drug

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Scientists have discovered a new potential application for the bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens to promote plant growth and protect against fungal infestation. It can be used as a new sustainable and biological alternative to chemical pesticides that are harmful to the environment.