EU

The European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,475,757 km² and an estimated total population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency. The EU and European citizenship were established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force in 1993.

Read more in the app

News at a glance: Bringing kids along to field sites, restricting EU trawling, and calling the pandemic ‘over’

Long-term consequences for Europe's climate ambitions when the EU turns off Russian gas

U.K. outlines ‘Plan B’ research funding to skirt EU impasse

News at a glance: Beijing’s vaccine flip, EU energy flap, and Marburg virus in West Africa

UK scientists in EU funding limbo after Boris Johnson's resignation

UK minister says EU is ‘weaponising science’ in Brexit deal row

Some countries still struggle to win EU funding despite programs to give them a leg up

UK may go it alone in orbit after Brexit shutout from EU space plans

UK may go it alone in orbit after Brexit shut-out from EU space plans

European Space Agency offers UK alternative to EU’s Copernicus project

UK to relax law on gene-edited food in post-Brexit change from EU

UK, EU, US formally blame Russia for Viasat satellite hack before Ukraine invasion

EU plan for cutting emissions from planes could end up increasing them

Elon Musk buying Twitter has set him up for a scuffle with the EU

The US And EU Have Unsustainably Plundered Natural Resources For Decades, Study Shows

U.S., EU responsible for the majority of ecological damage caused by excess use of raw materials, study finds

There's a huge flaw in the EU's draft net-zero carbon emissions plan

Health impacts of wood burning cost EU and UK €17 billion a year

Ukraine plans to join the EU. Will the nation's space prospects expand as a result?

Proposed EU law could force WhatsApp and iMessage to work together