Aurora

An aurora, also commonly known as the polar lights, is a natural light display in Earth's sky, predominantly seen in high-latitude regions. Auroras display dynamic patterns of brilliant lights that appear as curtains, rays, spirals, or dynamic flickers covering the entire sky. Auroras are the result of disturbances in the magnetosphere caused by the solar wind. Major disturbances result from enhancements in the speed of the solar wind from coronal holes and coronal mass ejections. These disturbances alter the trajectories of charged particles in the magnetospheric plasma. These particles, mainly electrons and protons, precipitate into the upper atmosphere. The resulting ionization and excitation of atmospheric constituents emit light of varying colour and complexity. The form of the aurora, occurring within bands around both polar regions, is also dependent on the amount of acceleration imparted to the precipitating particles.

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Blood-red aurora transforms into 'STEVE' before stargazer's eyes

Blood-red aurora transforms into 'STEVE' before stargazer's eyes

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Earliest documented aurora found in ancient Chinese text. It was in either 957 or 977 B.C., about 300 years earlier than the previous record holder

Earliest documented aurora found in ancient Chinese text

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Earliest documented aurora found in ancient Chinese text

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