The Antarctic is a polar region around Earth's South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole. The Antarctic comprises the continent of Antarctica, the Kerguelen Plateau and other island territories located on the Antarctic Plate or south of the Antarctic Convergence. The Antarctic region includes the ice shelves, waters, and all the island territories in the Southern Ocean situated south of the Antarctic Convergence, a zone approximately 32 to 48 km wide varying in latitude seasonally. The region covers some 20 percent of the Southern Hemisphere, of which 5.5 percent is the surface area of the Antarctica continent itself. All of the land and ice shelves south of 60°S latitude are administered under the Antarctic Treaty System. Biogeographically, the Antarctic realm is one of eight biogeographic realms of Earth's land surface.

Read more in the app

Rare Antarctic meteorite is one of the largest ever found

Runaway West Antarctic ice retreat can be slowed by climate-driven changes in ocean temperature

Amazon deforestation may shrink Himalayan snow and Antarctic ice

Current Antarctic conservation efforts are insufficient to avoid biodiversity declines, study shows

Most Antarctic animals and plants are set to decline by 2100

New cause of melting Antarctic ice shelves

The Arctic and Antarctic saw record warmth and ice melt in 2022

Biodiversity unbalanced as ice-free Antarctic areas grow

Hidden Ecosystems? NASA’s New Evidence of Vast Life Lurking Beneath Antarctic Ice

Huge 285-Mile-Long River Discovered Beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet – Could Accelerate Ice Loss

Synthetic fibers discovered in Antarctic air, seawater, sediment and sea ice as the 'pristine' continent becomes a sink for plastic pollution

Giant Blooms of Microscopic Life Seem to Be Thriving Beneath Antarctic Ice

Scientists Are Uncovering Ominous Waters Under Antarctic Ice

Antarctic summer thaw starts earlier, ends later than previously believed

Antarctic Volcano: A Mountain of Terror?

Antarctic Ozone Hole Continues to Shrink, Researchers Say

River longer than the Thames beneath Antarctic ice sheet could affect ice loss

Massive Antarctic iceberg ripped in two by powerful ocean currents

Massive Antarctic iceberg was ripped in two by powerful ocean currents

Scientists discover 1 million-year-old DNA sample lurking beneath Antarctic seafloor