Alps

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 1,200 km across seven Alpine countries: France, Switzerland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The Alpine arch generally extends from Nice on the western Mediterranean to Trieste on the Adriatic and Vienna at the beginning of the Pannonian Basin. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,809 m is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains 128 peaks higher than 4,000 m. The altitude and size of the range affect the climate in Europe; in the mountains, precipitation levels vary greatly and climatic conditions consist of distinct zones.

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Snowless Ski Slopes Captured From Space – Lack of Snowfall in Alps and Pyrenees

Recent waning snowpack in the Alps is unprecedented in the last six centuries

Glaciers in The Alps Are Melting Faster Than Ever, Scientist Warns

Visible From Space: The Consequences of Climate Change in the Alps

Snow-Capped Alps Are Going Green, And You Can See The Consequences From Space

The consequences of climate change in the Alps are visible from space

In Romania’s Transylvanian Alps, See Bison on Safari

Fossils of giant marine reptiles found high in the Swiss Alps

The Largest Known Carnivorous Sea Monsters Have Likely Been Found in The Swiss Alps

Gigantic New Beast – One of the Largest Animals Ever – Discovered High in the Alps

Fossils of Three Giant Ichthyosaurs Unearthed High in Swiss Alps

Ichthyosaur tooth from the Swiss Alps is largest ever discovered

The world's largest ichthyosaur may have just been discovered in the Swiss Alps

Plastic snow? Study finds trillions of plastic particles fall on the Swiss Alps every year

Plastic Snowfall in the Alps – Nanoplastics Permeate the Environment

Climate Change Reveals Military History: Melting Glaciers Recently Exposed Artifacts of War in the Alps

Earth Processes, Climate Change Reveal Military History - Melting glaciers recently exposed artifacts of war in the Alps

10,000 Years of Climate Memory Have Been Preserved in The Oldest Ice From The Alps

In the Alps, climate change affects biodiversity

Saharan dust could increase the risk of avalanches in the French Alps